One distinguishing factor that sets the APA style apart from other styles is the inclusion of the APA title page and abstract page.Additionally, the list of APA citation entries located at the end of your paper is labeled as references.
The APA title page is located at the beginning of your document, and it contains the title of your paper, your complete name, and the title of your school, college, or institutional affiliation. The page header, or running head, is aligned to the left margin, while the page number is aligned to the right. Both must be typed at the top of the page. For example:
Narcissism and the Literary Libido 1
Narcissism and the Literary Libido: Rhetoric
Text, and Subjectivity
Marshall W. Alcorn
George Washington University
The next page is your abstract, and between 150 and 250 words it consists of a brief summary of the focal points of your essay. Concise as it is, you must take into consideration that in writing your abstract you must elaborate on the major themes of your research topic, which includes the relevant research questions, the participants involved in the research, and the methods, techniques, approaches, and procedures used, and the conclusions. As with the rest of your text, the abstract is double-spaced, and should only consist of a single paragraph and occupy one page, as with this example:
What is it that makes language powerful? This paper uses the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and libidinal investment to explain how rhetoric compels us and how it can effect change. Synthesizing the ideas of theorists as diverse as Aristotle and Althusser, Kohut and Derrida, this essay explores the relationships between language and subjectivity. The works of Joseph Conrad, James Baldwin, William Faulkner, Arthur Miller, D.H. Lawrence, George Orwell, and others are the basis of this analysis of the rhetorical resources of literary language. Using Freudian, post-Freudian, and Lacanian theory, this essay investigates the power by means of which literary texts are able to fashion new and distinctly rhetorical experiences for readers. It attempts to show how the production of literary texts begins and ends with narcissistic self-love poem, and how the reader’s interest in these texts is directed by libidinal investment.
Below is a list of APA format examples for books and other commonly used print sources and references:
. Adler, M. (1985). Ten Philosophical Mistakes. New York: Collier.
Barnett, R. E., ed. (1989). The Rights Retained by the People. Fairfax, Virginia: George Mason University Press.
Friedman, D. The Machinery of Freedom (2nd ed.). La Salle, Illinois: Open Court, 1989.
Gladstein, M. R. (1984). The Ayn Rand Companion. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Mencken, H. L. (1982). The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. Torrance, California: Noontide Press.
Remember to list your APA citations and references alphabetically by the authors’ last names.