APA Bibliography

In scholarly writing and publishing, the APA bibliography pertains to the alphabetized list of all the sources and references that have been used for consultation in the research process, including the in-text citations and other resource materials related to the work. Because its purpose is to lead readers to other works for verification and further reading, the APA bibliography appears at the end of a book or a document.

If you’re a student tasked to write a dissertation, a thesis paper, or an essay, you will be required by your instructor to use the APA format in organizing your paper and to include an APA bibliography. This page includes all of the sources, references, and others works that you have consulted for research to write your paper, and aside from leading your readers to other works related to your paper, its purpose is to give credit to the original sources of ideas that you made use of in presenting your claims and arguments in your essay.

For books and other similar print sources, the following bibliography format is normally structured as the following:

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year Published). Title of Specific Work. City: Publisher.

For example:

Bannett, E. T. (1989). Structuralism and the Logic of Dissent. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Edelson, M. (1984). Language and the Interpretation of Psychoanalysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ragland-Sullivan, E. (1986). Jacques Lacan and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

As exemplified in the above examples, in providing the author’s name of a particular work, the APA format endorses the convention of providing the author’s last name first, followed by his first and middle initials. Enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period, the name is then followed by the year of publication. After which the complete title of the work is listed in italics and by using standard capitalization. A colon separates the location of the publisher and the name of the publisher, which should be the last element that ends the citation.

In cases where a book or a work is a translation into another language, simply insert the name of the translator and the descriptor “Trans.” and enclose within parentheses, as in the following example:

Derrida, J. (1976). Of Grammatology. (G. Spivak, Trans.). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Should you require further assistance in formatting your sources and references in the APA format, it is advisable to use a bibliography maker, which is designed to automatically generate your citations.

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