Steps for writing an essay

When you travel to a city you don’t know, it is recommendable to have a good map or plan of the city. Otherwise, you risk to get lost easily. The same occurs when it comes to writing an essay. Sitting down in front of the computer and starting to write without knowing where you’re going is the surest way of losing the course and obtaining a mediocre work. In the following, we present the three main steps that you have to follow, in order to write a good essay.

  1. Planning

This is probably the most important stage. Here, you formulate the thesis and design the general structure of the essay.

  • Choosing a topic

Remember that you cannot cover everything in a single essay. You need to start from a general topic and reduce it rapidly. What aspect of the chosen topic do you find most interesting or intriguing? What aspect is disturbing for you? Which one would you like to find out more about? In this stage, it is best to try different approaches to analyze the chosen subject.

  • Formulating a thesis

A topic is not a thesis, albeit the former is shorter than the latter. The thesis is something that you (and you alone) want to say about this particular topic. It is your idea and point of view that you are bringing argument for and proving throughout the essay. Basically, your thesis has to provoke a reaction a debate. To achieve this, it is best to formulate as a problem – like an issue that needs to be clarified or like something that requires a solution.

  • Identifying the arguments or reasons

Once you formulate the thesis, you need a list of arguments to confirm it. Make sure you present two or three arguments – one in each paragraph – which clearly demonstrate that you are right. Moreover, you need to support your arguments with at least two proofs or examples.

  • Developing the rhetorical structure

Armed with a thesis, with the arguments that prove it and the examples and evidence that confirm each of your examples, you can start developing the rhetorical structure of your essay. The rhetorical structure is the map or the frame of your piece of writing: thanks to it, you can compose a solid, convincing text without risking to get lost on the way.

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The three parts of an essay

 

Generally, your essay needs to have three main parts: introduction, main body and conclusion.

In the introduction, you must be careful to formulate the thesis that you intend to develop. In the main body, you present the arguments that support your thesis. In the conclusion, you reiterate the thesis and expose some of its possible general effects: what aspects of the society could be affected by the ideas you have demonstrated in the essay?

When writing a good essay, your main purpose is to persuade the reader that the ideas presented in your work are true. You can achieve this only if the arguments you bring in order to prove your thesis are logical and convincing.

Helping Kids with Grammar: The Predicate

The sentence is one of the most basic concepts in grammar which students learn while they were in primary school. Perhaps, everyone already knows that a sentence is made up of related words, and is considered to be the most basic grammatical unit which expresses a complete thought. But did you know the different parts of a sentence? This article will define one of the most common parts, which is the predicate, and provide some examples that you can use to better understand the concept.

What is a Predicate?

Before explaining what a predicate is, another part of a sentence will be first discussed. This related concept is the subject. Simply put, a subject refers to what or whom the sentence is all about, and it comes in the form of a noun or a pronoun.

The predicate, on the other hand, is the part of the sentence which says something or provides additional information about the subject in the sentence. Its main component is the verb, therefore, it either states the action or the state of being of the subject.

Examples:

  • The Hubble Space Telescope is one of the most powerful space telescopes ever made.

 

The italicized part, which is the predicate in this sample sentence, provides additional information about “the Hubble Space Telescope.” (main verb= is)

 

  • Daniel gazed across the starry night sky.

 

In this example, the predicate “gazed across the starry night sky” states the action of the subject “Daniel.” (main verb= gazed)

 

  • She tore the note and threw it in the trash bin.

 

Just like in the previous example, the italicized compound predicate tells the actions of the subject (she). (main verbs= tore; threw)

 

  • Renz and Irish are always seen together.

 

The predicate “are always seen together” says something about the compound subject “Renz and Irish.” (main verb= are)

  • Daenerys Targaryen is so badass.

 

The predicate “is so badass” tells the state of being of the subject “Daenerys Targaryen.” (main verb= is)

 

  • I played computer games and watched movies over the weekend.

 

The compound predicate in the sentence above is composed of the italicized words, and the subject is the pronoun “I.” (main verbs= played; watched)

Important Terms to Remember

  1. 1.       Simple Predicate-  the simple predicate consists of only the main verb.

 

Example: Drew cooked lasagna for everyone.

 

The simple predicate in this example is the underlined verb.

 

  1. 2.       Complete Predicate- unlike the simple predicate, the complete predicate consists of the main verb and all the other words that modify it.

 

Example: Irina is indeed a beautiful lady.

 

                    The simple predicate in this sentence is the word “is,” but if you’re asked to identify the complete predicate, you must include all the words that come after it.

 

  1. 3.       Compound Predicate- the compound predicate consists of two or more predicates joined together by a conjunction.

 

Example: The teenage boy looked around and pocketed a can of beer.

 

In this sample sentence, the compound predicate consists of two predicates (red and blue) joined together by the conjunction “and.”

 

  1. 4.       Predicate Modifier- as the name suggests, this simply modifies the predicate or the action. The predicate modifier tells how, when, or why the action in the sentence occurred.

 

Example: The homeless man drank the coffee in a hurry.

The underlined predicate modifier tells how the homeless man drank the coffee.

Final Thoughts

The predicate is one of the most basic requirements for a group of words to be considered a sentence. Without a predicate, a sentence would never exist. Although this seems too simple and a thorough discussion is not required, a deep understanding of this concept is actually very important for you to adequately express your thoughts and emotions in everyday speech and in writing.