Writing the body of an essay

Once you have a good rhetorical structure, you will find that writing an essay is much easier. Follow the advice below to write the three main parts of your essay.

  • The Introduction

This presents the initial information. It can be a short summary of the topic that is being developed or an illustrative example, written in an appealing manner, that leads to the theme. The idea is to introduce the reader into the general aspects of the problem that you intend to examine, and to direct him rapidly to your thesis. Always formulate your thesis in a clear manner, in the introduction. Remember that the reader wants to know exactly what ideas you are trying to demonstrate.

  • The Main Body of the text

Present your arguments – one in each paragraph – to convince the reader that your thesis is true. Don’t forget that your arguments must be followed by proofs and examples which would illustrate, support and demonstrate your thesis. A piece of evidence – an in-text quotation, an excerpt of a text, an image, etc. – is something that proves clearly that what you are claiming is actually true. An example is an illustration – a comparison, a reference to a similar case, etc. – which makes your argument more clear for the reader.

  • The Conclusion

Reiterate the thesis, but write it in a different way (do not just copy and paste it!). Briefly remind the reader why the thesis is true and discuss some of its general consequences: political, social, cultural etc. See that the end of the conclusion is eloquent, efficient and powerful.

  1. Revising your work

It is important to dedicate some time to revising your essay. Don’t make the mistake to deliver it without having read it several times. Search for spelling and typing errors. If possible, ask somebody you trust to read it and make some suggestions. Keep in mind that a text can still be improved as long as you haven’t handed it over to your teacher yet. Therefore, feel free to make changes, shift paragraphs, clear up sentences, if you believe that this will help improve the quality of your work.

Steps for writing an essay

When you travel to a city you don’t know, it is recommendable to have a good map or plan of the city. Otherwise, you risk to get lost easily. The same occurs when it comes to writing an essay. Sitting down in front of the computer and starting to write without knowing where you’re going is the surest way of losing the course and obtaining a mediocre work. In the following, we present the three main steps that you have to follow, in order to write a good essay.

  1. Planning

This is probably the most important stage. Here, you formulate the thesis and design the general structure of the essay.

  • Choosing a topic

Remember that you cannot cover everything in a single essay. You need to start from a general topic and reduce it rapidly. What aspect of the chosen topic do you find most interesting or intriguing? What aspect is disturbing for you? Which one would you like to find out more about? In this stage, it is best to try different approaches to analyze the chosen subject.

  • Formulating a thesis

A topic is not a thesis, albeit the former is shorter than the latter. The thesis is something that you (and you alone) want to say about this particular topic. It is your idea and point of view that you are bringing argument for and proving throughout the essay. Basically, your thesis has to provoke a reaction a debate. To achieve this, it is best to formulate as a problem – like an issue that needs to be clarified or like something that requires a solution.

  • Identifying the arguments or reasons

Once you formulate the thesis, you need a list of arguments to confirm it. Make sure you present two or three arguments – one in each paragraph – which clearly demonstrate that you are right. Moreover, you need to support your arguments with at least two proofs or examples.

  • Developing the rhetorical structure

Armed with a thesis, with the arguments that prove it and the examples and evidence that confirm each of your examples, you can start developing the rhetorical structure of your essay. The rhetorical structure is the map or the frame of your piece of writing: thanks to it, you can compose a solid, convincing text without risking to get lost on the way.